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Case study latin america and the catholic church

McDonnell Jan 19, 2018 3: He pointedly made an environmental-destruction allusion, decrying the "deforestation of hope.

Religion and Politics in 20th-Century Central America

He heeded the counsel of a conservative clergy that warned him against liberation theology, a sometimes left-leaning social activism in the church that advocates for the poor but was also used by a handful of priests to justify armed revolution. John Paul eventually removed or punished priests who preached liberation theology.

Two years later, the pope elevated Cipriani to cardinal, one of only two Opus Dei members to receive such high ranking. Cipriani remains in the position today.

Christianity and Conflict in Latin America

The first pontiff from the Americas has drawn on his own experience. As a bishop and later cardinal in his native Buenos Aires, Francis often ministered to the poor, and he instructed the priests under his command to do the same. If they returned without mud on their shoes, the man then known as Father Jorge Mario Case study latin america and the catholic church would say they had failed in their mission.

In addition to this week's trip, his Latin American voyages include Brazil in 2013; Ecuador, Bolivia and Paraguay in 2015; Mexico in 2016, and Colombia last year. But it has been steadily losing the faithful. Perhaps most startling was the number now calling themselves atheist, agnostic or without a religion: Despite his star power, Francis may not be able to stanch the hemorrhaging of church membership which has gone on for so long and had so many causes, said Andrew Chesnut, chairman of the Case study latin america and the catholic church Studies department at Virginia Commonwealth University.

He noted that losses in Chile actually accelerated in the last five years, following outrage over the case of Father Fernando Karadima, whom the Vatican accused of molesting boys for years following an investigation in 2011. Francis came under criticism for allowing a bishop — said to have been mentored by Karadima — to assume leadership of a diocese in southern Chile.

Francis case study latin america and the catholic church for the abuse by Karadima and others in his first public comments after setting foot in Chile, and he held an unscheduled private meeting with victims in the Chilean capital, Santiago, on Tuesday.

He made a similar gesture during a trip to the United States in 2015, as had Benedict, who was credited with beginning to address a scandal that John Paul had preferred to ignore. In Peru, Francis may have attempted to inoculate himself from the issue by ordering Vatican takeover of the Christian Life Society, a conservative organization that Peruvian prosecutors are investigating for alleged sexual and psychological abuse by senior officials of young men and children.

The pope has also been strategic in scheduling a Mass or other ceremony to focus on youth, whose ranks have seen some of the highest desertions of faithful. Whether it is a sign of anti-clericalism, or politics, or other causes, the pope's time in Chile has been marred by death threats and the firebombing of several churches. It is practically unheard of in recent years for violent protests to be staged over a papal visit.