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An introduction to the importance of sleep and issue of insomnia

It affects millions of adult Americans, but as an introduction to the importance of sleep and issue of insomnia age, the likelihood of developing increases as well. While about one-fourth to one-third of the adult population reports sleeping problems—whether they last for a short or long period of time—that number increases to more than 50 percent for adults age 65 and over. One major problem with insomnia is often the awareness of the simplicity of treatment. Different Kinds Of Insomnia Insomnia does not have one singular root cause of form.

Because of that, there are different categorizations of insomnia based on the reasons you have insomnia, how long you have it, and how often you suffer from it. The two main forms of insomnia, based on what causes it, are: This form may be a bit more complex to treat, as doctors may have to dive into your lifestyle and your own methods of falling asleep.

Secondary Insomnia You have secondary insomnia when doctors can explain your sleep troubles with some form of medical reason, and the treatment for this insomnia starts with the medical issue.

Some maladies that can cause secondary insomnia include cancer, depression, arthritis, addiction, and anxiety. There are also different classifications of insomnia based on how long and how often you have problems sleeping. Acute Insomnia This form occurs when the insomnia symptoms last for just days or a couple weeks at a time. Chronic insomnia is often associated with secondary insomnia, because health issues that last for months on end can fuel bouts with insomnia that last just as long.

All of these factors weigh into the medical issues that may arise from insomnia and how doctors will lay out a treatment plan, which is an important step an introduction to the importance of sleep and issue of insomnia the diagnosing process.

One study honed in on hyperarousal, though, as the main fuel for insomnia.

Actions like your mind jolting from one stress to another keep the brain functioning at a high speed, which in turn keeps you awake for hours on end. Then, the focus of your stress may transfer to not being able to sleep itself, causing another round of stress and an additional reason for your brain to remain aroused throughout the day and into the night. Stress, according to the study, is often linked hand-in-hand with those diagnosed with chronic insomnia.

Not only can stress cause you to lay awake at night and worry about life outside of sleep, insomniacs have been found to not be able to cope with stress as well as others because of issues associated with their personal relationships.

Depression You are three times more likely to develop depression if you have persistent bouts of insomnia, WebMD points out. The relationship between insomnia and depression is very complex, but doctors have found that insomnia often exists just before patients start to suffer from bouts of depression.

Consistent sleeping problems can fuel these bouts. One study that looked into the presence of hyperarousal in insomnia patients found that more than 80 percent of the patients who suffered from some form of insomnia had a mood disorder like anxiety or depression. A 2015 sleep study found that just 36 percent of people with chronic pain reported getting good sleep and that those with chronic pain arthritis, acid reflux, joint discomfort, etc. More than 50 percent of seniors report having chronic painso this issue is a leading cause for insomnia among the elderly.

Medications Though you may be given medication to eventually help treat insomnia, the irony is that there are medications that actually cause insomnia as a side effect. The AARP pointed out a list of medications—both prescription and over-the-counter—that can cause sleeplessness. These can include medications like: Many of these medications include caffeine or affect REM sleep, which is an important step in the sleep cycle that should be left uninterrupted.

Allergies A study compared two groups of people: In nearly every category, patients with allergies reported having trouble sleeping or staying asleep more than two times as frequently than those patients without allergies.

Given that this can vary widely from case to case, one insomniac may be able to fall asleep fine but then have a general poor quality of sleep.

For instance, a Canadian study found that more than 30 percent of those who suffered from insomnia received the recommended seven to nine hours of sleep per night. A study in 2007 detailing the prevalence and consequences from insomnia listed four main symptoms when it comes to the sleeping process: There are symptoms present when you are trying to work and an introduction to the importance of sleep and issue of insomnia the day. One of the leading symptoms of insomnia is an introduction to the importance of sleep and issue of insomnia being able to fall asleep in the first place.

Though you may be able to stay asleep once you do fall asleep, the length it takes to fall asleep can affect the overall quality of sleep you get. For instance, if it takes you three hours to fall asleep into a planned eight-hour sleep, you only wind up sleeping for an unhealthy five hours, an introduction to the importance of sleep and issue of insomnia performance the next day. Difficulty Staying Asleep One sign of healthy sleep is having a full seven to nine hours of uninterrupted sleep, meaning your body can rest and recharge without having to worry about falling asleep again.

The lack of sleep then can cause other soon-to-be-discussed symptoms that occur during the an introduction to the importance of sleep and issue of insomnia. Daytime Sleepiness This can affect performance at work, at home, and, most severely, on the road. The resulting stress can take your mind off tasks that you need to be focusing on, too. Waking up Early One contributor to insomnia is waking up much earlier than expected and not being able to fall back asleep.

This can jumpstart being tired way earlier in the day than you normally do, which then throws off your sleep schedule. Poor Quality of Sleep You may be able to sleep overall for eight hours or so in a night, but it may take you 10 hours to do so. Waking up constantly throughout the night or waking up in pain because of the way you sleep can cause you to be tired throughout the day, which then affects how you fall asleep the next night.

You may not experience every single one of these symptoms, but even just two or three can indicate you have some form of insomnia, with how severe it is depending on how often these symptoms occur. Issues Caused By Insomnia An introduction to the importance of sleep and issue of insomnia As discussed earlier, the relationship between insomnia and depression is a complicated one. This is rooted in how lack of sleep and lack of quality sleep affects your entire day after the affected sleep.

Poor sleep across a continued amount of time can severely affect your overall quality of life. In one studynearly every subject 97 percent reported having sleeping an introduction to the importance of sleep and issue of insomnia during depression and nearly 60 percent said that the poor sleep associated with their depression affected their overall quality of life.

A low quality of life is a leading cause of depression. One link the ACC points out as a connection between insomnia and heart problems is that shorter amounts of sleep less than six hours helps predict higher blood pressure, which can then cause heart maladies.

Qiao Hea graduate student at China Medical University, combined 15 insomnia studies and looked at the effects insomnia had on patients when it related to heart problems. While these are simply general connections and not deep dives into the medical reasonings behind the connections, the studies combined to more than 160,000 subjects, providing He the confidence of reporting the connections.

In one study, nearly 30 percent of those with insomnia said they used alcohol to help them fall asleep. This is not a recommended treatment or method of curing insomnia. Just as you may become addicted to alcohol, especially when it comes to needing it to sleep, you can also start to have poor sleep again if you stop drinking.

Your body, which is used to being reinforced by alcohol, no longer has what it is used to for sleeping. The withdrawal itself can then trigger sleeping problems as your body starts exhibiting round-the-clock symptoms like nausea, shaking, vomiting, and anxiety.

Insomnia and Its Impact on Physical and Mental Health

Diabetes There is a connection between poor sleep and pre-diabetic symptoms. Getting proper sleep helps keep your blood sugar levels under control. Accidents A study of insomnia patients revealed that you are two to fives times as likely to suffer from an accident at home, in the workplace, or on the road. In fact, in one study of more than 8,000 people conducted in Franceeight percent of insomniac patients reported getting into a workplace accident as opposed to just one percent of non-insomniac patients.

Seniors should be especially aware of these causes, as many of them are fueled by age. An introduction to the importance of sleep and issue of insomnia people get older, they are more likely to have the presence of something that fuels insomniac tendencies. Often, seniors who suffer from insomnia also suffer from another sleeping disorder that helps aid the prevalence and severity of the insomnia. Some of these other sleeping disorders include: Sleep apnea and other breathing-related sleep disorders Restless leg syndrome Rapid Eye Movement sleep behavior disorder A study published in 2006 looked at how much having a chronic illness plays into the severity of the insomnia an older person suffers from.

About 80 percent of adults 60 and over are reported to have at least one chronic illness. Pair the high presence of chronic illness among the elderly with the increased severity of insomnia when a chronic illness is present, and you get a lot of seniors who may potentially suffer from chronic insomnia. As mentioned in the introduction, more than 50 percent of seniors report having sleep issues, meaning that about 25 million seniors suffer from some form of insomnia, based on 2016 demographic information.

How To Treat Insomnia The treatment for insomnia goes back to the root cause of your sleeping problems. Always remember to consult a doctor before taking any medications or severe lifestyle-changing steps when addressing the problem.

Some lifestyle adjustments you can make to help relieve stresses or assist in decreasing oft-occurring insomnia include: Reduced Caffeine Intake The effects of caffeine can lasts for hours, so that 6 p. The best way to combat this is contacting your doctor and getting proper recommendations.

There are also medications that can help you in the morning time to an introduction to the importance of sleep and issue of insomnia fight low energy and sleepiness. Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy The NHLBI suggests cognitive-behavioral therapy an introduction to the importance of sleep and issue of insomnia a treatment for insomnia, noting that the therapy can help with relaxation techniques that address anxiety and stress—both causes of acute insomnia.

Once diagnosed, there are a couple steps—laid out by a study published in 2010—that are recommended in taking control of chronic insomnia: You can start with trying medications sleeping pills that help your sleeping problems in the short-term.

There are non-medication treatments like cognitive therapy and stimulus control therapy that may help address relaxation issues associated with insomnia.

Sleeping Disorders: An Introduction

Insomnia is often fueled by hyperarousal, and these therapies can help get those feelings under control. When it comes to addressing medical causes behind insomnia like pain and depression, you can look to prescription medications that help relieve those problems, which should help you sleep better and more consistently. These medications can include benzodiazepines for their sleep-inducing and relieving effectsantidepressants, and pain medications.

These sleeping tips may also be included in treatment plans to help hasten the insomnia as quick as possible. Set goals for when you want to go to sleep and when you want to wake up, keeping track of about how long it takes to fall asleep and how long you stay asleep. The goal should be getting seven to eight hours of interrupted sleep. For instance, if you need to be up for work at 7 a. This may mean getting in an introduction to the importance of sleep and issue of insomnia a bit before you originally plan to fall asleep.

Also, make sure not to stare at lights from your phone or tablets before or once in bed. Remember relaxation techniques that you may have learned from therapy. This may include regulating breathing or nightly rituals that help you get your body in a state of sleepiness. Pay attention to the environment of your bed an introduction to the importance of sleep and issue of insomnia room.

This helps keep your body in a comfortable environment once asleep, as well as setting up a nice temperature to control potential night sweats.