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The us invasion of grenada and the fall of its marxist government

The U.S. Invasion of Grenada

United States History The U. To understand the whys and wherefores of the invasion of Grenada by 7,000 U. Grenada, the early years Grenada is a small island of 135 square miles, with a population of about 95,000. It is located 100 miles north of Venezuela, among the Windward island chain in the southern Caribbean Sea.

Trinidad and Tobago lie to the us invasion of grenada and the fall of its marxist government south; St. Vincent and the Grenadines lie to the north. It is a rolling, mountainous island well known for its fragrant spice trees and other producing plants, including nutmeg, cloves, ginger, cinnamon, and cocoa. The first contact by non-native peoples was made by Christopher Columbus in 1498. Following a failed attempt by the British to settle there, the French stepped in to acquire the island in 1650.

That led to a war with the Caribs of nearby Dominica and St. Vincent, who didn't want to lose their trade routes to the mainland. The British regained control over the island in 1783, and made Grenada a Crown Colony in 1877. To the present Finally, in 1974, Grenada was granted independence from Britain. The new government, led by Sir Eric Gairy, slowly moved toward a totalitarian state, which triggered a revolt.

United States invades Grenada

When Gairy was in New York, speaking at the United Nations in March 1979, Maurice Bishop, a well-liked and educated leftist, led a bloodless coup to usurp control of the Grenadan government. Bishop's Marxist leanings led to ties with Cuba, Russia, and other left-wing countries. Bishop invited Cuban engineers to his island to build an international airport to enhance tourism.

That was seen by President Ronald Reagan as a threat to the United States because the airstrip could be used to build up an arms cache, and propel a military build-up in the Caribbean.

Meanwhile, hard-line Marxist Bernard Coard, Bishop's deputy prime minister and erstwhile friend, felt that Bishop didn't operate far enough to the left. On October 19, 1983, Coard, backed by his own military, seized power in a bloody coup, then executed Bishop and members of his inner circle. At stake was not only a struggle of ideologies, but also a threat to about 1,000 medical students living on the island, many of whom were Americans.

While the posturing was going on in the Caribbean, a truck bomb exploded on October 23, half a world away in Beirut, Lebanonkilling 241 American marines. In addition to the great loss of life, the incident was a major embarrassment to the United States.

The coup in Grenada gave Reagan a chance to exact a little revenge on anti-American regimes in the Caribbean and the rest of the world. On October 25, the president dispatched an invasion force, dubbed "Operation Urgent Fury," to liberate the island and rescue the students. Grenadan troops numbered about 1,200, with about 800 Cubans mostly construction workers with handguns and 60 advisors the us invasion of grenada and the fall of its marxist government the Soviet Union, North Korea, East Germany, Bulgaria, and Libya.

That small contingent was soon confronted by a U. The operation was deemed a success, with minimal U. Coard, his family, and close advisors were arrested. Coard was tried and sentenced to death, but the sentence was later commuted to life imprisonment.

The remaining Cubans and other survivors were arrested; native Grenadans were released, and a pro-American government took power.

Reagan Apologized to Thatcher for Grenada Invasion

Conclusion Just prior to the invasion, protests rang off the walls of the Oval Office. Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher of the United Kingdom insisted, "in the strongest possible terms," that "Grenada was part of the British Commonwealth, and the United States had no business interfering in its affairs.

I couldn't tell her that it had already begun. I ask you to consider this in the context of our wider East-West relations and of the fact that we will be having in the next few days to present to our Parliament and people the siting of cruise missiles in this country.

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