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New york city s stop and frisk law

During the first presidential debate, Donald Trump again argued that stop-and-frisk was an effective deterrent in New York, and that the policy hadn't been ruled unconstitutional.

It wasn't effective, and it was ruled unconstitutional.

Rudy Giuliani's new york city s stop and frisk law reputation hinges a great deal on the drop in new york city s stop and frisk law that occurred while he was mayor of New York City.

He used that fact to great effect during his energetic speech at the Republican convention, arguing for Donald Trump's candidacy by saying that he knew Trump would fight crime just as effectively as he had himself. According to a transcript, Trump tells the talk show host -- an overt Trump supporter -- that he will introduce the policy of stop-and-frisk that began in the New York police department during Giuliani's time in the mayor's office. Under stop-and-frisk, New York police officers were empowered to detain and search people for often-vague pretexts.

A Twitter account tweeted thousands of examples of the reasons for such stops. If any illegal item or substance was found, an arrest resulted. Rudy Giuliani did a great job as mayor and they really straightened things out with stop-and-frisk, and it was used further by the next mayor, Bloomberg, and now they, you know, recently -- not so recently but fairly recently -- they stopped it.

We had tremendous shootings, number of shootings.

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Now Chicago is out of control. And I was really referring to Chicago with stop-and-frisk. I was talking about stop-and-frisk for Chicago. But it didn't work really well -- or, at least, there's no real correlation between the use of stop-and-frisk and New York's reduction in crime.

Limits on a Police Officer’s Ability to Stop and Frisk Citizens in New York

Simply put, there's almost no correlation. Notice, too, that Giuliani's claim that he deserves credit for New York's crime rate is also overblown.

The plunge began before he took office, in parallel with a sharp national drop in crime levels. It continued after he left. Crime in New York declined quickly after 1990 and has new york city s stop and frisk law stayed low. There was a brief uptick last year at the same time as a further drop in the stop-and-frisk count, but in four of the past five years, levels of crime fell alongside the number of stop-and-frisks.

Supporters of the policy often point specifically to gun crimes new york city s stop and frisk law a rationale for its use since the policy often aimed new york city s stop and frisk law finding illegal firearms on suspectsbut 2016 saw the fewest shootings during the first six months of the year in decades.

No effect was found. The broader problem with stop-and-frisk was that it was applied heavily to communities of color. More than half of those detained and searched, according to the NYCLU's data, were black, and nearly a third were Latino. A federal judge determined that the NYPD needed to release data on its application of stop-and-frisk on a quarterly basis as part of a settlement of a lawsuit filed in 1999 charging that black New Yorkers were unfairly targeted.

That claim was bolstered when a New York police officer recorded conversations with his superior officers in which they told him to target black and Hispanic people. Michael Bloomberg, who followed Giuliani as mayor, often argued that nonwhites weren't targeted enough.

His argument was that crime was more of a problem with young nonwhite men. This was during a mayoral election year, and Bill De Blasio made shutting down stop-and-frisk a key part of his campaign. After Republican presidential candidate Donald Trump lamented the end of "stop-and-frisk" police policies in New York, debate moderator Lester Holt stepped in. The Washington Post In every year, at least 80 percent and often 90 percent of those who were stopped were found not to have done anything wrong.

When he was the city's public advocate, before being elected mayor, De Blasio released a report on the practice, finding that stops of whites were twice as likely to result in discovery of a weapon as a stop of a black person and that blacks were only two-thirds as likely as whites to be carrying something illegal. Most people were innocent, but whites who were stopped were more likely to be breaking laws regarding weapons or contraband. In 2013, a federal judge determined that the policy of stop-and-frisk in New York City was discriminatory and unconstitutional.

The city challenged the ruling, but the transition to the new mayor in 2014 meant that the appeal was dropped. The practice is still viewed very negatively by communities of color in New York City. Chicago's problem is serious and severe and needs to be addressed. History doesn't suggest that stop-and-frisk is an effective way to address it -- and it suggests that Rudy Giuliani may not have as many answers as he thinks.

The story must be told.

Stop-and-frisk in New York City

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