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A study to prove the legendary story about the camelot

Yvain saving his iconic lion from the serpent. All images are used by permission of Princeton University Libraries. However, Yvain is unique among the Knights of the Round Table in that he is the only one who is based on a study to prove the legendary story about the camelot historical figure. He is recorded as some variation of Owain mab Urien, of the kingdom of Rheged.

Of the historicity of this man there is little doubt. The earliest mention of Owain appears in the works of Taliesin, the bard of Urien, who composed a poem of lament in his honor. Already, elements of Owain Yvain as a fierce warrior can be found in the Lament For Owain ab Urien, who is remembered by Taliesin as someone who scattered his enemies like sheep.

It may be tempting to conclude that Yvain himself is an immigrant from the Celtic tradition. Two prominent medieval romances pertaining to Yvain, Owain: Due to the great overlap between the two works, some scholars such as R.

A study to prove the legendary story about the camelot

Chronologically, however, Yvain is found before Owain. Whether that implies one is dated before the other is another debate altogether. However, it is possible to make some conclusions about the nature of Yvain. At the same time, it is unreasonable to assume that he lifted the story piecemeal from the Celtic Tradition.

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In the process, however, he crafted something quite different from whatever its predecessor may have been. Given that Yvain acts as the foundation for numerous later works, it is only logical that it is looked at here first. The text exists, more or less, in seven manuscripts, with the fragmented MS Garrett 125 from Princeton serving as a rare illuminated text of this particular tale. A master storyteller, he composed in verse, 9 though most of his literary descendents will eventually retell them in prose.

From his pen a fantastic realm appeared in the court of King Arthur, where the weak and innocent are protected by knights who dedicated themselves to the pursuit of chivalry and honor.

It was a time when love was treasured, generosity was open-handed, and perfection attainable through exemplary actions. Yvain, as such a knight, possesses the key trait of courtesy, which can best be summed up as a set of attitudes, behaviors, and traits pertaining to courtly behavior.

The modern stereotype of the knight in shining armor rescuing a study to prove the legendary story about the camelot can be viewed as a shadow of this trope.

However, when analyzing chivalric behavior, it is important to keep the dualistic aspect of its nature in mind. On one hand, an exemplary knight should be a mighty warrior. Indeed, adventures and deeds of valor seem to be the norm and are typically expected of an Arthurian hero.

On the other hand, a knight must also be a courtly lover. The definition of courtly love varies, but in general, 11 certain principles can be isolated. The lover is a vassal to the lady in love, no matter his rank or position. The lover must love the lady, and finally, should his love be requited, the lover must submit himself unconditionally to the guidance of his lady without a second thought.

The knight is humble, respectful, and noble. The reader is immediately introduced to this quality through the eyes of his a study to prove the legendary story about the camelot Calogarant and Queen Guinevere, who praises his courtly and prudent behavior. This is directly juxtaposed with Sir Kay, who could be viewed as the antithesis of courtesy. Kay is rude, quarrelsome, and thoughtless.

He first slings a stream of insults at Calogarant, quipping that perhaps the knight wants to present himself as the best knight in court. A lesser man may have retorted in kind — and rightly so, as Kay is obnoxious and his negativity is well-known.

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However, Yvain, showing him the proper courtesy, answers carefully: A study to prove the legendary story about the camelot lord Kay is so clever and able and worthy in all courts that he will never be deaf or dumb. He knows how to answer insults with wisdom and courtesy, and has never done otherwise. A man a study to prove the legendary story about the camelot insults his friend would gladly quarrel with a a study to prove the legendary story about the camelot.

He is unwilling to quarrel with Kay, as not only is Kay a fellow Knight of the Round Table, but Yvain prefers to avoid conflict by gaining the moral high ground through his inaction, thereby honoring the court in addition to himself. His tone is humble and modest, as is his speech throughout the romance.

Unlike Kay, Yvain rarely boasts about his own strength or feats of arms. Instead, his prominence is announced through the words of others. An important aspect of courtesy involves the proper treatment of women. With the exception of Laudine, whose ire serves as the central dramatic tension of the work, every woman who meets Yvain consistently praises him highly.

Two occasions serve to highlight this characteristic. The first is his interaction with Lunete, and the second is the episode involving the Younger Sister. Trapped behind the portcullis as a result of overly hasty action but heedless of personal safety, the knight wonders about the location of his opponent when an attractive damsel appears to him.

She seems to be initially surprised by his presence, and points out that he is not welcome. While he has dealt the Fountain Knight a mortal blow, the rest of the castle will be searching for the slayer of their lord. He is aware of his own abilities and though he believes that though God may intervene directly, in all of his battles he acts on this own, humbly serving only as a conduit for divine justice.

Throughout the work, this humility remains consistent, which allows Yvain to act with supreme degrees of confidence — after all, when an omnipotent being is supporting his actions, it is difficult not to be confident.

The maiden, bantering on about his courage, quickly introduces herself as Lunete. Lunete assists him out of gratitude and because he is a good, courteous person. When she visited Camelot on a prior trip, no one paid her any attention except for Yvain. The assistance she now offers him - both here and throughout the story - goes far beyond simple reciprocity. Her response, on one level, represents the divine providence that Yvain asked for, and she aids him in a number of ways.

First, she brings him food and drinks to revitalize him; then she offers him sanctuary by giving him a magical ring that would shield him.

In this case, the ring can be viewed as representing faith and courage, presented to Yvain because he is worthy of it. Courage is necessary because while the wielder is invisible, he is not ethereal, and he needs to remain still to not give himself away. When a problem is presented, Yvain instinctively dives into the situation because courtesy demands that he saves the lady, assists the lord in question, or slays the serpent.

In fact, one of the first encounters for Yvain after regaining his sanity is that he comes across a lady imprisoned in a nearby chapel. Discovering that this woman has been wronged by her lady and is doomed to burn a study to prove the legendary story about the camelot next day, since she failed to obtain a champion within the allotted timeframe, Yvain inquires further in a courtly fashion.

The Legend of Yvain

Interestingly, he offers to champion her prior to discovering her identity, which suggests that this gesture is initially out of courtesy. Regardless, once he discovers that the lady is Lunete, the matter goes beyond simple courtesy and becomes a personal issue instead. The responsibility for her plight now adds a second layer to the complexity of chivalric behavior. Of course, there was no such intention, but Lunete, flustered and confused, hastily responds that she would have herself defended by one against three to prove her innocence.

The seneschal eagerly answers the challenge and gives her forty days to find a champion. Since a study to prove the legendary story about the camelot time, she visited numerous courts, but no one was able to take up the challenge.

At the Round Table, Gawain is off rescuing the queen, and Yvain is nowhere to found. After hearing this, Yvain is both touched and concerned for her. He is moved by both friendship and gratitude — indeed, the relationship between the two is remarkably close - and promises that he shall be there tomorrow.

Lunete refuses at first, as she will not have both their deaths on her hands. What he is about to offer goes beyond courtesy in her opinion and she wishes to free Yvain from an unnecessary oath. The dialogue between the two is extraordinarily touching. For Yvain, regardless of the difficulty of the task, courtesy represents doing what is morally right.

It matters very little what the odds actually are when God is on his side. While he acknowledges the dangers, Yvain is nonetheless confident that he shall prevail. Humbly placing his fate in the hands of God, Yvain declares that he shall win the day tomorrow, "if it pleases Him. Another example of Yvain acting courteously is his encounter with the Younger Sister, which ultimately leads to a battle with Gawain.

Both the reader and the characters know that the Elder Sister's case is unjust. Gawain, however, thoughtlessly promises to aid her in whatever endeavor she chooses without deliberation or even an inquiry into the matter.

This is in stark contrast to Yvain, who the readers have come to know as a careful and courteous individual. Though the situation resolves itself well, with Yvain earning honor and praise from the Sun of Chivalry, it is important to remember the circumstances in which Yvain receives the request.

A series of divine portents, ranging from a cross appearing on the damsel's right to the sound of three horn blasts, guides her to Yvain, who promises that he shall do all he can to aid her. In a characteristic display of courtesy, he tells her that "…No one gains a reputation by idleness, and I will not fail to act a study to prove the legendary story about the camelot will gladly follow you, my sweet friend, wherever you please.

And if she on whose behalf you seek help has great need of me, don't despair. I will do everything in my power for her. Now may God grant me the courage and grace that will enable me, with His good help, to defend her rights…. In essence, though Yvain is declared a traitor to his lady and subsequently "falls" from his rightful station as knight exemplar, the reader should bear in mind that Yvain's mistake—breaking his word to Laudine—though unintentional, is still his fault.

His identity as the Knight with the Lion, then, is not a simple disguise. In order to win Laudine's heart back, he must prove himself worthy once again — indeed, that is exactly what he accomplishes at the end of the work, and this idea of self-redemption is cleanly woven into Yvain's character.

The Knight with the Lion is an exemplary construct of courtliness — the reputation he possesses at the end of the story is built on a solid foundation of rightful deeds, three of which are given in the story itself. It is with this new reputation that A study to prove the legendary story about the camelot is able a study to prove the legendary story about the camelot "repair" the damage done to himself.

This is not the most important trait, but inevitably all the best knights, such as Gawain and Yvain, are known for their martial abilities.

For Yvain, however, his martial ability represents another side of courtesy, the desire for fame and glory, or, in his cousin Calogarant's word, "adventure. When Yvain first sets out to search for the fountain, adventure is on his mind, and the first instance in which his martial prowess is displayed is through the battle against the Knight of the Fountain.

The battle is especially vicious, with neither yielding to the other. The Fountain Knight has previously vanquished hundreds of knights, and only Yvain is able to provide an adequate challenge.