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Mahatma gandhi and the salt march essay

Mahatma Gandhi and Sarojini Naidu during the March. The declaration included the readiness to withhold taxes, and the statement: We believe that it is the inalienable right of the Indian people, as of any other mahatma gandhi and the salt march essay, to have freedom and to enjoy the fruits of their toil and have the necessities of life, so that they may have full opportunities mahatma gandhi and the salt march essay growth. We believe also that if any government deprives a people of these rights and oppresses them the people have a further right to alter it or abolish it.

The British government in India has not only deprived the Indian people of their freedom but has based itself on the exploitation of the masses, and has ruined India economically, politically, culturally and spiritually. We believe therefore, that India must sever the British connection and attain Purna Swaraji or complete sovereignty and self-rule.

The 1882 Salt Act gave the British a monopoly on the collection and manufacture of salt, limiting its handling to government salt depots and levying a salt tax. Even though salt was freely available to those living on the coast by evaporation of sea waterIndians were forced to buy it from the colonial government. Choice of salt as protest focus[ edit ] Initially, Gandhi's choice of the salt tax was met with incredulity by the Working Committee of the Congress, [15] Jawaharlal Nehru and Dibyalochan Sahoo were ambivalent; Sardar Patel suggested a land revenue boycott instead.

The Viceroy himself, Lord Irwindid not take the threat of a salt protest seriously, writing to London, "At present the prospect of a mahatma gandhi and the salt march essay campaign does not keep me awake at night.

An item of daily use could resonate more with all classes of citizens than an abstract demand for greater political rights. Rajagopalachariunderstood Gandhi's viewpoint.

In a public meeting at Tuticorinhe said: Suppose, a people rise in revolt. They cannot attack the abstract constitution or lead an army against proclamations and statutes.

Mahatma Gandhi And The Salt March

Civil disobedience has to be directed against the salt tax or the land tax or some other particular point — not that; that is our final end, but for the time being it is our aim, and we must shoot straight. He also reasoned that it would build unity between Hindus and Muslims by fighting a wrong that touched them equally. Nehru remarked about the unprecedented popular response, "it seemed as though a spring had been suddenly released.

Satyagraha Gandhi had a long-standing commitment to nonviolent civil disobedience, which he termed satyagraha, as the basis for achieving Indian sovereignty and self-rule. Only a change brought about in our political condition by pure means can mahatma gandhi and the salt march essay to real progress.

For Gandhi, satyagraha went far beyond mere "passive resistance" and became strength in practising nonviolent methods.

Truth satya implies love, and firmness agraha engenders and therefore serves as a synonym for force. I thus began to call the Indian movement Satyagraha, that is to say, the Force which is born of Truth and Love or nonviolence, and gave up the use of the phrase "passive resistance", in connection with it, so much so that even in English writing we often avoided mahatma gandhi and the salt march essay and used instead the word "satyagraha".

Even though it succeeded in raising millions of Indians in protest against the British created Rowlatt Actsviolence broke out at Chauri Chaurawhere a mob killed 22 unarmed policemen. Gandhi suspended the protest, against the opposition of other Congress members.

He decided that Indians were not yet ready for successful nonviolent resistance. It succeeded in paralysing the British government and winning significant concessions. More importantly, due to extensive press coverage, it scored a propaganda victory out of all proportion to its size.

Bardoli has shown the way and cleared it.

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Swaraj lies on that route, and that alone is the cure. Expectations were heightened by his repeated statements anticipating arrest, and his increasingly dramatic language as the hour approached: For that reason, he recruited the marchers not from Congress Party members, but from the residents of his own ashramwho were trained in Gandhi's strict standards of discipline.

The route of the march, along with each evening's stopping place, was planned based on recruitment potential, past contacts, and timing. Gandhi sent scouts to each village ahead of the march so he could plan his talks at each resting place, based on the needs of the local residents. If my letter makes no appeal to your heart, on the eleventh day of this month I shall proceed with such co-workers of the Ashram as I can take, to disregard the provisions of the Salt Mahatma gandhi and the salt march essay.

I regard this tax to be the most iniquitous of all from the poor man's standpoint. As the sovereignty and self-rule movement is essentially for the poorest in the land, the beginning will mahatma gandhi and the salt march essay made with this evil.

After he ignored the letter and refused mahatma gandhi and the salt march essay meet with Gandhi, the march was set in motion. An American academic writing for The Nation reported that "60,000 persons gathered on the bank of the river to hear Gandhi's call to arms. This call to arms was perhaps the most remarkable call to war that has ever been made. According to The Statesmanthe official government newspaper which usually played down the size of crowds at Gandhi's functions, 100,000 people crowded the road that separated Sabarmati from Ahmadabad.

Gandhi gave speeches attacking the salt tax as inhuman, and the salt satyagraha as a "poor man's struggle". Each night they slept in the open.

Salt March

The only thing mahatma gandhi and the salt march essay was asked of the villagers was food and water to wash with. Gandhi felt that this would bring the poor into the struggle for sovereignty and self-rule, necessary for eventual victory. Every day, more and more people joined the march, until the procession of marchers became at least two miles long. When they reached the railhead at Dandi, more than 50,000 were gathered. Gandhi gave interviews and wrote articles along the way.

Foreign journalists and three Bombay cinema companies shooting newsreel footage turned Gandhi into a household name in Europe and America at the end of 1930, Time magazine made him "Man of the Year". I cannot withhold my compliments from the government for the policy of complete non interference adopted by them throughout the march. I wish I could believe this non-interference was due to any real change of heart or policy. The wanton disregard shown by them mahatma gandhi and the salt march essay popular feeling in the Legislative Assembly and their high-handed action leave no room for doubt mahatma gandhi and the salt march essay the policy of heartless exploitation of India is to be persisted in at any cost, and so the only interpretation I can put upon this non-interference is that the British Government, powerful though it is, is sensitive to world opinion which will not tolerate repression of extreme political agitation which civil disobedience undoubtedly is, so long as disobedience remains civil and therefore necessarily non-violent.

It remains to be seen whether the Government will tolerate as they have tolerated the march, the actual breach of the salt laws by countless people from tomorrow.

Example essay writing, topic: Ghandi Dandi Salt March

He implored his thousands of followers to likewise begin making salt along the seashore, "wherever it is convenient" and to instruct villagers in making illegal, but necessary, salt. Most of them were between the ages of 20 and 30.

These men hailed from almost all mahatma gandhi and the salt march essay of the country. The march gathered more people as it gained momentum, but the following list of names were the first 79 marchers who were with Gandhi from the beginning of the Dandi March until the end. Most of them simply dispersed after the march was over.