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A brief history and an introduction to solomons temple

Brief History

Actually there was no place for a fixed building of a temple in the nomadic life of the people. The 'Tabernacle' a tent of specific dimensions served as the 'Temple' and the 'Ark of the Covenant' [1] was placed therein. The lack of a shrine of Yahweh became disagreeable when David ca.

The King said, 'I dwell in a house of cedar, but the ark of God dwells in a tent' 2 Sa. He collected materials, gathered treasure and bought the threshing floor of Araunah the Jebusite as the site 1 Ch.

Itstreasures were emptied by the kings of Judah several times to pay tribute or to buy alliances 2 K 12: Josiah king of Judah ca.

The Jewish Temples: The First Temple - Solomon

The high priest, Hilkiah, discovered the book of law during the repairs commissioned by Josiah ca. There is general agreement that it was the original form of the book of Deuteronomy of the Pentateuch Torah. Josiah undertook the religious reforms that were based on the 'Torah' discovered in the Temple by Hilkiah 2 K 22: The Temple of Solomon was destroyed and the Israelites of Jerusalem were taken as exiles by the Babylonian emperor, Nebuchadnezzar, in 587-6 BC at the time of his conquest of Jerusalem.

The Solomon's Temple had not been there on earth for the next almost seventy years.

Abdus Sattar Ghauri 20075

Cyrus of Persia defeated the Babylonian regent prince Belshazzar in 539 BC and the Babylonian empire came to an end for good. Cyrus was a just and kind ruler. He freed and permitted the Israelites to go back to and settle in Jerusalem.

He allowed them to rebuild their 'Temple' and promised to provide them proper help for the purpose. The construction started in 537 BC. But the builders encountered so much opposition from enemies in their homeland that the work soon came to a virtual stop and remained interrupted until the reign of Darius 1.

In the 2nd year a brief history and an introduction to solomons temple his reign the prophets Haggai and Zechariah encouraged Zerubbabel, the governor, and Joshua, the high priest, to make another effort to rebuild the Temple.

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He stole the sacred furniture from the holy place and removed all Temple treasures Jos. However, the Temple was repaired, refurnished, and rededicated in 165 B. When Pompey conquered Jerusalem in 63 B. It may have suffered some further damage in the conquest of Jerusalem by Herod in 37 B. When Herod announced his intention of rebuilding a new Temple [commonly called 'Temple of Herod'], a brief history and an introduction to solomons temple Jews feared he would tear down the old one and then fail to rebuild it.

Consequently, Herod devised a method of reconstruction by which the old was demolished only as the new construction progressed; it appeared at the different stages as if he were doing nothing but repairing the older structures, while in reality a completely new complex of buildings was erected without interrupting the services. He first rebuilt the Temple proper. He had all building material finished to size before it was brought to the Temple area, and employed only priests to work on the inner Temple structure.

After that was finished, most of the outer buildings, including the cloisters, were completed during the next 8 years, but the work of decoration and embellishment went on until the procuratorship of Albinus A. Since building activities were still going on during Christ's ministry, it is understandable that the Jews said the Temple had been in building for 46 years A brief history and an introduction to solomons temple 2: The whole Temple with all its buildings was destroyed by fire during the capture of Jerusalem by the forces of Titus in A.

Although the Temple built by Herod the Great was actually a new structure, the Jews always referred to it as still theSecond Temple, considering his work no more a brief history and an introduction to solomons temple a repair and remodeling. Because of the Jews' hatred for him, the orthodox Jewish writings, like the Mishnah, which gives detailed descriptions of this Temple, never mention the name of its builder.

The old Temple area was enlarged to twice its former size, including also the palace grounds of Solomon's time. Archeological investigations show that the present Moslem enclosure, the Haram esh-Sherif, [3] almost exactly covers Herod's Temple area, and large parts of the present walls rest on foundations or wall stumps of Herod's time.

A Brief Account of the History of The Solomon’s Temple

According to the Jewish Enc.: The mosque was built over a rock the traditions of which were sacred, probably the site was the same as that of the Temple which Hadrian erected to Jupiter. This in turn was on the site of Herod's Temple.