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The importance of the governments respect of the citizens for a successful democratic nation

Democracy is government of, by, and for the people. It is government of a community in which all citizens, rather than favored individuals or groups, have the right and opportunity to participate.

In a democracy, the people are sovereign. The people are the ultimate source of authority. This is the form of democracy practiced in Germany, Israel, Japan, the United States, and other countries.

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This framework is intended to assist interested persons in various nations in establishing or improving curricular programs which foster an understanding of and support for constitutional democracy. The outline must be adapted to fit the circumstances and needs of individual political communities. It is democracy characterized by: The people are the ultimate source of the authority of the government which derives its right to govern from their consent. Although "the majority rules," the fundamental rights of individuals in the minority are protected.

The powers of government are limited by law and a written or unwritten constitution which those in power obey. There are certain institutional and procedural devices which limit the powers of government. Powers are separated among different agencies or branches of government. Each agency or branch has primary responsibility for certain functions such as legislative, executive, and judicial functions.

However, each branch also shares these functions with the other branches.

2015 – Public Participation for democracy

Different agencies or branches of government have adequate power to check the powers of other branches. Individual rights to life, liberty, and property are protected by the guarantee of due process of law. Elections insure that key positions in government will be contested at periodic intervals and that the transfer of governmental authority is accomplished in a peaceful and orderly process.

The fundamental values of constitutional democracy reflect a paramount concern with human dignity and the worth and value the importance of the governments respect of the citizens for a successful democratic nation each individual.

Protection of certain basic or fundamental rights is the primary goal of government. These rights may be limited to life, liberty, and property, or they may be extended to include such economic and social rights as employment, health care and education.

A constitutional democracy includes among its highest purposes the protection of freedom of conscience and freedom of expression. These freedoms have value both for the healthy functioning and preservation of constitutional democracy and for the full development of the human personality. Constitutional democracies recognize and protect the integrity of a private and social realm comprised of family, personal, religious, and other associations and activities.

This space of uncoerced human association is the basis of a civil society free from unfair and unreasonable intrusions by government. The fair distribution of the benefits and burdens of society. Fair and proper responses to wrongs and injuries. The use of fair procedures in the gathering of information and the making of decisions by all the importance of the governments respect of the citizens for a successful democratic nation of government and, most particularly, by law enforcement agencies and the courts.

All citizens are equally entitled to participate in the political system. The law does not discriminate on the basis of unreasonable and unfair criteria such as gender, age, race, ethnicity, religious or political beliefs and affiliations, class or economic status. The law applies to the governors as well as the governed.

Constitutional democracies have differing conceptions of the meaning and importance of economic equality. At the very least, they agree that all citizens should have the right to an equal opportunity to improve their material wellbeing. Some constitutional democracies also attempt to eliminate gross disparities in wealth through such means as progressive taxation and social welfare programs.

Constitutional democracies are based on a political philosophy of openness or the free marketplace of ideas, the availability of information through a free press, and free expression in all fields of human endeavor.

Unitary and federal systems are the most common ways of organizing constitutional democracies.

There also are associations of states called confederations. In a unitary system central government has full power, which it may delegate to subordinate governments. In a federal system power is shared between a central government which has full power over some matters and a set of subordinate provincial or state governments that have power over other matters. In a confederation, a league of independent states, which retain full sovereignty, agrees to allow a central government to perform certain functions, but the central government may not make laws applicable to individuals without the approval of the member states.

These are constitutional mechanisms by which each branch of government shares power with the other branches so that no branch can become absolute.

Each branch "checks" the others, because it is balanced against another source of power. All constitutional democracies use separation of powers as an important means of limiting the exercise of political power. This separation is typically among legislative, executive, and judicial functions. Although primary responsibility for each of these the importance of the governments respect of the citizens for a successful democratic nation may be placed with one or more specific agencies or branches of government, other agencies and branches share the powers.

For example, although one branch may have primary responsibility for creating laws, other branches may draft proposed laws, interpret their meaning, or manage disputes over them. Governments can be organized as parliamentary or as presidential systems. In a few countries, the two systems are combined and called a "dual executive" system.

While law fixes the maximum interval between elections, parliamentary governments may end sooner. If a majority of parliament votes for a motion of "no confidence" in a government, it is obliged to resign. In this case, the government is said to "fall" and new elections are held. Parliamentary systems require that members of the prime minister's cabinet be members of the legislature parliament.

The prime minister is the head of government but not the head of state. A separate office holder, either a constitutional monarch or "president," is head of state.

Importance of Democracy, Human Rights, & Governance to Development

The chief executive or head of government is not a member of the legislature. He or she serves a term fixed by the constitution and can be removed only in extraordinary circumstances such as impeachment and trial proceedings. The president also is chief of state and represents the policy on ceremonial occasions.

In presidential systems, the separation of legislative and executive powers may be incomplete. The executive may exercise some power over the legislature, and vice versa. Thus, the executive may be able to the importance of the governments respect of the citizens for a successful democratic nation legislation passed by the legislature while the legislature may be able to curtail actions of the executive by cutting off funds for specific executive activities.

Although the political system of the United States and other constitutional democracies have been called presidential systems, this term does not reflect the reality of these complex systems with their dispersed and shared powers. There is a difference between being a citizen in a constitutional democracy and being a subject in an authoritarian or totalitarian regime.

In a democracy, each citizen is a full and equal the importance of the governments respect of the citizens for a successful democratic nation of a self-governing community endowed with certain fundamental rights, as well as with certain responsibilities.

A subject, in contrast to a citizen, is obliged to obey the commands of others. The relation of the subject to the state is not dependent upon consent. Constitutional democracy requires informed and effective participation by citizens who understand and have a reasoned commitment to its fundamental principles and values, as well as a familiarity with its political processes.

Citizens, of course, cannot know everything they would or should in an ideal democracy, but they should have some understanding of the following: Citizens should be familiar with the political, economic, and social history of their own country, how the modern world came to be, including how constitutional democracy developed, and the major events, issues and ideas of others of the contemporary world.

Citizens should be familiar with the geography of their own country and of the world in order to be able to incorporate geographical factors into their thinking about political, social, and economic events. Citizens should be familiar with such fundamental concepts as popular sovereignty, constitutionalism, individual rights, and the common good.

Citizens should be familiar with both formal political institutions and with civil society, and they should understand the influence of the one upon the other.

They also should be familiar with the purposes of government and with the principal individual and organizational actors in the political life of their country. Citizens should be familiar with the operation of the legal system and the rights and obligations of citizens under it. Citizens should be familiar with basic concepts and principles of economics, the economic policies of their own country, and its economic relations with the rest of the world.

Citizens need to know how the world is organized politically, as well as the role of international governmental and non-governmental organizations. Citizens should understand the significance of the mass media in a free society and the ways in which the media influences public opinion.

Competent and responsible citizenship requires not only knowledge and understanding, but the development of intellectual and participatory skills essential to civic life.