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A report on gothic and romanesque style architecture

The church of St Sernin is the largest church in Toulouse, the fourth largest city in France, and it is Romanesque architecture at its finest. Toulouse was once part of a region called Roman Gaul and the church was built during the time of the Roman Empire.

This is why we see Romanesque architecture throughout France and areas of Spain. The Notre Dame Cathedral in Chartres, France is considered to be one of the most important Gothic buildings, not only along the pilgrimage routes but in the world.

Example essay writing, topic: Gothic And Romanesque Cathedrals

The exterior of Romanesque architecture was built more for function than beauty. We find most of this architecture embedded in castles where defence was imperative.

When we look at St Sernin we able to identify these features. There are numerous windows around the church however as St Sernin is a rather large Church you would expect to see more windows with other styles of architecture.

The front of St Sernin has one large round window but the rest of this facing is mainly stone with few relatively small windows. When we compare this to Gothic architecture we can see a significant difference.

When Romanesque architecture evolved into Gothic architecture the arches were no longer just for sustaining the weight, they became more visually appealing. Having lighter walls and more windows and openings led to more decorative and visually stunning buildings considered to be works of art. Notre Dame Cathedral is an impressive work of art which uses all the new technologies in displaying one of the finest examples of Gothic architecture. The facade of the cathedral is high and well decorated.

There is a magnificent round window which is the centre piece of a report on gothic and romanesque style architecture face which is surrounded by countless pointed arch windows designed to support the weight.

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These exterior features had a significant impact on the interior feel and mood of the buildings. The amount of light let in by the two comparative architectural types has a lot to do with the feel and mood of the interior. When you compare that a report on gothic and romanesque style architecture the Gothic Notre Dame, with its numerous windows it has a completely different feel. This new way of carrying the weight was revolutionary as costs could be cut by having more glass and less stone work.

All Gothic openings such as windows, doorways and galleries are made with pointed arches. The church at St Sernin is no exception to this rule. Looking at the outside of the building all you can see is pointed arch doors and windows.

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Compared to Gothic architecture, Romanesque architecture was an outdated technique when it came to efficiency. This is more efficient at holding weight than a square doorway but not as efficient as a pointed arch. When we look at the church in St Sernin the doorways and windows are all rounded. When we go inside we can see that on top of the rows of columns on the interior there are rounded arches, even the roof is a rounded arch which is supported by moulded arches. Sculpture work that exists on the inside and outside of churches had two a report on gothic and romanesque style architecture.

Romanesque sculptures evolved over the years having three distinct periods. A primitive period, the second period was marked by baroque exaggeration and the final refining and assimilating period.

Difference in Gothic and Romanesque architecture Essay

While the scenes of the sculptures rarely altered, how they were depicted was. As we move into the third period depictions are more realistic.

At St Sernin there is an abundance of Romanesque sculptures carved into the south portal. It is an early piece of Romanesque sculpture work as the subjects of the art work are all regular in appearance. Over the south portal is a scene of Christ with the twelve apostles below looking up at him. This was a common enough depiction of Christ in Romanesque design, a very similar piece had been carved on a different church carved twelve years earlier.

The end of the Romanesque period flowed smoothly into the new Gothic style of sculpture work. Gothic architecture took the already existing Romanesque architecture and channelled this into a more comprehensive and calculated work of art with the ability to touch any individual that gazes upon her art and for individuals who understand Gothic sculpture have a deeper appreciation.

Christ is standing surrounded by an eagle, bull, lion and a winged man. Visitors are able to enjoy this work for its quality although those who understand the piece realise that the eagle represents Saint John, the bull represents Saint Luke, the lion represents Saint Mark and the winged man represents Saint Matthew. Gothic and Romanesque architecture dominated the middle ages used to create magnificent churches, temples and a report on gothic and romanesque style architecture considered to be works of art.

Romanesque architecture evolved into Gothic architecture during the 12th century. While these two types of architecture sometimes overlapped during the transitional period, Gothic and Romanesque architecture are like chalk and cheese when you examine them closely. From a report on gothic and romanesque style architecture ingenuity of the design, the mood and feel of the interior, the visual effect of the exterior and the beautiful sculpture work. Gothic architectures used all of the available technologies available a report on gothic and romanesque style architecture them, so they were able to create structures that Romanesque architectures could only dream of.

These new design methods meant that the interior mood has also morphed; Romanesque architecture had a damp and dark mood which evolved into the bright and inviting Gothic architecture.

Sculptures went from being grotesque figures in Romanesque architecture to a more defined and meaningful work of art in Gothic architecture. These two different styles of architecture may be different however they are still both quite capable of inspiring individuals which means that they will be a destination for pilgrims and tourists for the years to come.