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A postcolonial critique of liberal peacekeeping theory

Beginning in the late 1980s and early 1990s, feminist scholars critiqued mainstream IR theories i.

The issue marks the starting point for scholarship on women and international relations. As the scholarship continued to evolve and develop, so too did different feminist approaches to security including liberal, critical, constructivist, post-colonial, and post-structural approaches.

Feminist research also uses different methodologies quantitative methods, case studies, interviews, narratives, and so forth. Moreover, feminist scholarship includes a normative aspect: In utilizing a gender analysis, a postcolonial critique of liberal peacekeeping theory scholars increasingly focused on security broadly defined, leading to the emergence of feminist security studies FSS.

A broader conception of security encompasses elements such as human security, domestic violence, economic security, social security, and environmental security as well as the security of the state.

Peace Operations

Feminist scholars also recognize that the security of a postcolonial critique of liberal peacekeeping theory state can lead to insecurity of women and other marginalized groups. General Overview Blanchard 2003 presents a comprehensive review of feminist security theory, which challenges the key concepts of traditional international relations IR: The edited volume Sjoberg 2010 makes the case for the centrality of gender in the study of international security, instead of as a subcategory of the field of security studies.

There are common themes for feminist security studies FSS while recognizing the different strands of feminist work in IR, as demonstrated by the different feminist perspectives of the contributing authors. Goldstein 2001 utilizes scholarship from different disciplines i. Sylvester 2010 examines the tensions in feminism and feminist IR, including the historical connection of feminism with peace and nonviolence yet noting that feminist IR research increasingly has demonstrated how women participate in political violence and support wars.

Three special forums and issues of journals present overviews of the state of a postcolonial critique of liberal peacekeeping theory security studies, in terms of theory and policy. Cambridge University Press, 2001. Importantly, this work examines how gender roles in war are found a postcolonial critique of liberal peacekeeping theory cultures, and tests hypotheses on the factors that explain the link between gender and war, including biology, social identity of groups, and militarized masculinity, as well as the causes of wartime sexual violence.

Hansen, Lene, and Louise Olsson, eds. In all these articles, the authors address the connection between gender, security, and insecurity. The State of the Discipline: A Security Studies Forum. Feminism in International Relations. International Studies Perspectives 14. The State of Feminist Security Studies: Gender and International Security: Several chapters appeared in a special issue of the journal Security Studies: Feminist Contributions, edited by Laura Sjoberg 2009.

Sjoberg, Laura, and Jennifer K. Their contributions grapple with questions that continue to be asked in feminist security studies, including how FSS is related to the field of IR in general, and in the subfield of security studies in particular. Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content on this page.

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