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A comparison of the ancient egyptian and mesopotamian cultures

The Differences Between Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia

Jordan Johnson Compare Egyptian culture to Mesopotamian culture. How and why were they different? In what ways were they similar? It is natural to want to draw similarities to two early civilizations as great as Mesopotamia and Ancient Egypt, and they offer many differences and similarities. They were similar in their basic social stratification, with a noble class, owning most of the land, on top and peasants and slaves at the bottom. Both a comparison of the ancient egyptian and mesopotamian cultures were deeply rooted in their religions which included an array of gods and goddesses.

In Egypt, there a comparison of the ancient egyptian and mesopotamian cultures supreme gods such as the sun god Ra, Amon, and Osiris with each male god having a female goddess companion.

The Mesopotamian culture had religions that had many gods and goddesses as well. Male and female divinities, gods and goddesses of war. Ishtar is a major divinity in Mesopotamian religions. Another similarity between the religions is that their gods and goddesses often had a human form, an animal form, and sometimes combined.

Similarities between the two cultures can also be found in their domestication of plants and animals, their writings hieroglyphic writing in Egypt, cuneiform writing in Mesopotamiatheir excessive trade, and their advances in mathematics, geometry, and astronomy. Differences between Mesopotamia and Egypt can be widely associated to their differences in geography. The Mesopotamians lacked access to the stones that Egyptians could import for their monuments and the Egyptians were adjacent to a plentiful resource known as the Nile River.

Egypt's art and architecture were very different from Mesopotamia from pyramids to temples, rigid pharaohs to flowing art of Amarna, Egypt's flair was totally different than that of Mesopotamia. Compare the Egyptians' use of hieroglyphs to the Mesopotamians' use of cuneiform. How do they differ? What does the "magical" element of hieroglyphs say about Egyptian culture?

Cuneiform eventually evolved into a system of shapes that ended up not resembling any actual objects.

Differences in Mesopotamian and Egyptian Cultures

The Egyptians were one of the first societies to implement a writing system, which were called Hieroglyphics. Hieroglyphics consisted of a series of shapes, often resembling their meaning, and could be written from left to right, right to left, or up to down.

Also, Egyptians invented paper and wrote their stories, laws, and accounts on them. How does it describe the Egyptian a comparison of the ancient egyptian and mesopotamian cultures of order? The pharaoh upheld the order of the universe by ruling well and serving the gods. How did the Egyptians manage to unite their land when the Mesopotamians had such a hard time doing so?

What questions do you have about this material? What topics do you want to know more about? How did the Egyptians regard the Nile? What does the Nile provide?

What do the people give to the Nile in return? The Nile was the source of all survival in Egypt, as it created fertile soil and allowed for irrigation, making agriculture nearly impossible without it. Who manifests thyself over this land, and comes to give life to Egypt! What seems to have been the role of magic in Egyptian religion?

How powerful were hieroglyphics the writing used for spells? They believed magic was a divine creation for the benefit of humanity and it was considered a field of knowledge. The purpose of the magic was to compel the help of divine powers and the person carrying out the magic might threaten that god will have a comparison of the ancient egyptian and mesopotamian cultures if his demands were not met.